Jana Martella is the Co-Director of the U.S. Department of Education (ED)-sponsored comprehensive technical assistance Center on Enhancing Early Learning Outcomes (CEELO) that is co-led by EDC, National Institute for Early Education Research (NIEER), and Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO). In her 30 years of experience in the field of education, Jana has worked on multiple initiatives designed to improve the quality of early childhood programs, services, and systems. She has also served as a state education agency legislative liaison, coordinator for federal programs, school administrator, and classroom teacher. Throughout her career, a central part of her focus has been on education system and program improvement through standards-based reform. In this post, originally published on NIEER's Preschool Matters blog, Jana shares her insights on how to successfully navigate times of transition and work effectively to improve outcomes for young children and their families.
State early childhood specialists are experts on transitions. They live and work with varied shifts and moves on a regular basis, planning and adjusting accordingly. Calendars flow through annual budget and legislative cycles each year, and every four years, elections change the shape of those annual progressions.
This year those shifts may seem a bit more seismic. State elections and the move to a new federal administration, combined with implementation of the new federal elementary and secondary education law, the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), present new adjustments, and if you look deeper, new early learning opportunities.
Yet I have found great comfort in the skillful approach state early childhood specialists take to assuring continuity and managing change in their states, as shown by Harriet and John’s thoughtful comments below. As Jim Squires wrote a few years back in Preschool Matters Today, it is this “B-team” who will be there when elected or appointed officials come and they will be there when they go, providing the necessary continuity and consistency for programs to operate and improve, remaining abreast of developments in the field and establishing working relationships across the spectrum to get things done.
Perhaps state early childhood educators are equipped to embrace change and support continuity because of lessons they have learned from developmental science. They have long experience in supporting programs as they pave the way for young children moving from one environment to another and one grade to the next.
As the National Center for Quality Teaching and Learning notes in Effective Transitions to Enhance School Readiness, the goal of a smooth transition is to create conditions for successful adjustment. The most powerful catalysts for success include: opening the door to information; assuring supportive relationships; and, aligning environments and programs. Teachers in early childhood classrooms deploy transition strategies every day to support young children through changes. They forecast and plan before transitions occur, they inform children and individualize their practice to prepare each child for the shifts and flows in front of them and they rely on relationships—teacher-child interactions—to support agile and flexible adjustments. The most effective also rely on, and collaborate with, families and colleagues to meet the tougher challenges.
These early childhood classroom strategies are not unlike those our Leadership Academy fellows are called to assimilate throughout their intensive training. The change we now face federally and in the states calls upon technical knowledge, skills, and competencies but more directly ask us all to deploy “adaptive leadership”—concepts highlighted in a major resource used by the Academy. In Leadership on the Line, Staying Alive through the Dangers of Leading, authors Heifetz and Linsky call these “adaptive challenges” because they require “experiments, new discoveries, and adjustments from numerous places in an organization.” To manage big changes, they suggest moving between “dance floor and balcony,” achieving perspective by stepping up out of the fray of everyday activities to get clearer views of the big picture; and then moving back to the dance floor once we’ve gained perspective, making adjustments, observing impact, and returning to action.
When approaching seemingly seismic shifts today, the dance floor of early childhood education policy development may feel a bit shaky. However, we can learn from sound classroom practice for transitions: we can double down on the grounding provided by research; we can predict, plan and prepare for necessary adjustments; and, we can rely on collaborators and colleagues to face and solve tough problems of practice together.
This last weekend I did a lot of walking and on my journey was inspired by quotations found on the monuments along the National Mall. Two stood out as uniquely applicable to our work. On the Einstein Memorial in front of the National Academies of Science where the hallmark report, Transforming the Workforce for Children Birth through Eight took shape: “The right to search for truth implies also a duty; one must not conceal any part of what one has recognized to be true.”
The second, a clarion call aligned with our focus on identifying and addressing disparities, was among many inspiring words at the Martin Luther King Memorial. From his speech during the 1959 March for Integrated Schools: “Make a career of humanity. Commit yourself to the noble struggle for equal rights. You will make a better person of yourself, a greater nation of your country, and a finer world to live in."
- Check out a recent "EDC Roundtable" article, "Why Does Investing in Young Children Matter?", featuring comments from Jana, Rachel Christina, David Jacobson, and Mary Mackrain.
- Read a brief co-authored by Jana and colleagues, "Sharpening the Focus: State Policy to Promote Effective Teaching That Improves Learning."
- View a case study report co-authored by Jana and colleagues, Incorporating Early Learning Strategies in the School Improvement Grants Program.
- Learn more about our early learning work throughout the U.S. and around the world.