Developing a Writing Instruction Observation Protocol: Implications for Practice, Research, and Policy

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This article describes EDC researchers' development of a Writing Instruction Observation Protocol that captures the details of writing lessons; the components of effective writing instruction, as indicated by research; the practices that teachers use when they teach writing; and the effectiveness of those practices, as documented by classroom observers using the protocol. The authors note that the protocol's singular focus on writing was essential not only to inform their research but to respond to the Common Core State Standards’ focus on writing and to address the potential need in the field for such a protocol. The findings they share can help guide teacher preparation programs, shape professional in-service training, direct curriculum, influence policy, and ultimately support the development of improved writing skills among students. (Read a related article.)



Andrea Winokur Kotula, Cynthia Mata Aguilar, Terrence Tivnan

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51 pp.
Boy writing